“Eventually, I think Chicago will be the most beautiful great city left in the world.”
Frank Lloyd Wright
“I adore Chicago. It is the pulse of America.”
La città che ha visto nascere l'architettura moderna: Chicago
The History of Chicago
Founded August 12, 1833 with a population of around 200 and located on the southwestern
Several significant events in the past have shaped how Chicago sees itself today and how it is seen by others. The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 destroyed the entire central business district and other residential areas of the city, but the consequence of that traumatic event was that Chicago experienced the largest rebuilding program in the history of the US. It was here in 1885 that the world’s first steel-framedcon telaio in acciaio skyscrapergrattacielo was built. True to its motto “Urbs in Horto” (“City in a Garden”) the city also invested in many large, well-landscaped municipal parks during this period of reconstruction which still today provide a wonderful place to relax in the city.
The Prohibition era of the 1920s set the sceneha fatto da scenario for a period of notoriety for Chicago, as gangsters, including the notorious Al Capone, battled each other and police on the city streets. At one point Chicago had over 1,000 gangs. Much has been made in films and TV about this period in the city’s history, and it still provides a point of interest for many visitors. (Films - The Untouchables)The third significant event in Chicago’s history was the Great Migration of the early twentieth century. The availabilitydisponibilità of jobs attracted African Americans from the South, who had an immense cultural impact on the city. It was during this wave that Chicago became a center for jazz.
Did you know … ?
The name "Chicago" is a French version of the Native American word shikaakwa, meaning “wild onion”.
Things to do in Chicago
Chicago is partitioned into four main sections: Downtown (which contains the Loop - an eight block by five block square of city streets that are encircled by elevated rail tracks, called “The El”), the North Side, the South Side, and the West Side. Downtown is the center of Chicago's cultural, commercial and financial institutions, and home to Grant Park and many of the city's skyscrapers.
Many of the city’s attractions can be found Downtown at the waterfrontriva, litorale, along Lake Shore Drive, on the shores of the lake. Navy Pier is one of the most popular attractions; it offers everything from an IMAX theater, and restaurants and shops, to performances by a Shakespeare troupe. You can view dancing in a grand ballroom, and ride the famous fifteen-story ferris wheelruota panoramica which is a replica of the one at Chicago's 1893 World Fair.Stroll around Downtown and you'll come acrossvi imbatterete in the public works of modern art that Chicago is famous for. Outdoor works exhibited include pieces by Marc Chagall, Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró and Magdalena Abakanowicz.
Did you know … ?
Chicago’s well-known nickname - The Windy City - doesn’t actually refer to the weather conditions in the greater downtown area, but to the way the local politicians and residents
boastsi vantano about their city.
Go for a meal in one of the city’s numerous restaurants and eating establishments. Choose an upscaleraffinato restaurant in Downtown, or ventureavventuratevi further afieldpiù lontano to sample some of the city’s celebrated ethnic cuisine. Try the Mexican villages such as Pilsen on 18th street and "La Villita" on 26th street, the Puerto Rican enclave “Paseo Boricua”, "Greektown" on South Halsted, "Little Italy" on Taylor Street, just west of Halsted, "Chinatown" on the near South Side, Polish fare at Belmont-Central, "Little Seoul" on and around Lawrence Avenue, a cluster of Vietnamese restaurants on Argyle Street and South Asian (Indian/Pakistani) on Devon Avenue.
Go shopping along State Street and Michigan Avenue, but don’t forget to look away from the shop windows once in a whiledi tanto in tanto to appreciate the architecture of the place. Don’t miss the famous Chicago Water Tower, a landmark structure built in 1869 that survived the Great Fire. The historic Chicago Cultural Center (1897), originally serving as the Chicago Public Library, now houses the city's Visitor Information Center, galleries and exhibit halls. The ceilingsoffitto of its Preston Bradley Hall includes a 38 ft (12 m) Tiffany domevolta, cupola.
The McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade, is an annual parade produced and presented by the Chicago Festival Association (CFA). Held ontenuta in State Street in downtown Chicago, the three hour event begins each year at 8:00 a.m. on Thanksgiving Day.
The holiday event was called Christmas Caravan. Walter Gregory and a costumed Santa Claus led the caravan, which was filledera colmo with toys and various merchandise from State Street businessesnegozi. As the city's government officials had hoped, the parade contributed to desirable growthcrescita in the local economy and 1934 held the city's largest holiday buying period since 1927.
Il viaggio: un esercizio di inglese!