“No single space project in this period will be more impressive to Mankind, or more important in the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish ...”
President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, in a speech to a
Joint Session of Congress, 25th May 1961
Travel between the Moon and the Sun: Orlando, the Kennedy Space Center, Key Largo, Key West and Miami
Introduction - the Moon and the Sun
It is 16thJuly, 1969, five months before the end of the decade. Apollo 11 blasts off from the Kennedy Space Centre near Orlando, Florida. On board are three brave men making the journey into the unknown to fulfillesaudire Kennedy’s dream: Mission Commander Neil Alden Armstrong; Command Module Pilot Michael Collins; and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin Eugene ‘Buzz’ Aldrin Jr. Four Earth-days after take-offdecollo, lancio, on 20th July, the Lunar Module touches downatterra on the dustypolverosa surface of the Moon. Astronaut Neil Armstrong carefully negotiates the nine rungs of the Module’s ladderscala, before stepping onto the surface. Echoingripetendo the belief that the lunar landing was the greatest technological achievement in human history, Armstrong uttersproferisce one of the most famous sentences in the English language: “That’s one small step for a man; one giant leap for Mankind.”
As the world celebrates the fortieth anniversary of the Moon landing this summer, we’re focusing on where that first journey to the Moon took off: The Kennedy Space Center, named after the US President whose challenge inspired the expedition; and the State of Florida, the “Sunshine State”.In the following articles we’ll explore what else the Sunshine State has to offer - from the lively, distinctive cities of Miami and Orlando, to the natural wonders of The Keys (Key Largo and Key West). Enjoy!
The Kennedy Space Centerwww.kennedyspacecenter.com
The Kennedy Space Center is situated in Central Florida, on Merritt Island wildlife reserve, some 60 minutes east of Orlando by car. The island is 34 miles (55 km) long and about 6 miles (10 km) wide. The Space Center is the centre of NASA’s launch operations and, because of the sensitive nature of its work, much of its property is restricted, and so only nine percent of the island is inhabited.
NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was created on 29th July, 1958 at the heightculmine of the “space race”, almost one year after the Soviet Union launched the first ever human-made satellite, Sputnik 1. The Apollo program (1961-1975) was the third human space flight program started by NASA, and its goal was to land a man on the Moon, and return to Earth.Day tours to the Center celebrate the past achievementssuccessi of the space programs and guide visitors through its current programs and future ambitions. The tours take in museums, a simulation ride into space, two IMAX theatres, and a range of bus tours to various restricted areas.
Did you know … ?
The Central Florida area is known as the lightning capitalcapitale dei fulmini of the U.S. NASA spends millions trying to prevent strikescadute di fulmini during launch, not always successfully. The first lightning strike during a launch happened in 2006 during Hurricane Ernesto. Much more recently, the launch of the shuttle Endeavor on a mission to the International Space Station was delayed for 24 hours when the
launch padrampa di lancio was hit by multiple lightning strikes on 11th July 2009.
Once a major citrus-growing regionarea produttrice di agrumi, now Orlando is the capital city of family fun and
However the city wasn’t always so razzle-dazzlededita alla baldoria. Most of the early residents of Orlando in the 1850s made their living by cattle ranchingallevamento di bestiame. After the American Civil War and during the Reconstruction of the southern States, the population of Orlando increased tenfolddieci volte, and the settlement officially became a city in 1885. The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando's Golden Era, when it became the hubcentro, fulcro of Florida's citrus industry. During the “Great Freezegelo” of 1894-95, however, many owners had to sell upvendere and the few remaining “citrus barons” moved south to Polk County.
Although some citrus farmers remain in the area, these days the focus has moved from agriculture to tourism. The Walt Disney World resort is the area's largest attraction with its many
Did you know … ?
The mosquitozanzara was such a plague that the area was officially named Mosquito County by government officials in 1824, who couldn’t think of a more appropriate name. It was renamed Orange County after the county’s main product when Florida became a State in 1845. These days, thanks to mosquito control, residents and tourists alikeallo stesso modo find central Florida a rather more relaxing place.
The Keys are a chaincatena of about 1700 islands that stretch outsi estende from the southern tippunta of the peninsula of the State of Florida. They begin about 15 miles (24 km) south of Florida. Until the twentieth century the islands were only accessible by boat, then in the 1910s an overseas railway was constructed which reached all the way to Key West, the last of the inhabited islands. The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 destroyed the railway, and the Overseas Highway (U.S. Highway 1) replaced it as the main transportation route from Miami to Key West.
Apart from the thousands of scuba divers and snorkelers who visit the island every year, Key Largo's proximity to the Everglades makes it a popular destination for kayakers, birdwatchers and other eco-tourists. A vibrant community of artists, inspired by the beautiful settingambientazione, also shows their work at several local galleries. There is also a large choice of restaurants and bars to relax in after a long, rewardinggratificante day in the outdoors.
Camilles. This inexpensive restaurant has been cooking breakfast, lunch and dinner on the island for over twenty years - it is now a virtual institution.
Rooftop Café. Described as "Cosmopolitan meets Bali meets Key West". Exceptional service, exciting New-Island cuisine. Over 30 wines by the glass. Live music in the tree house lounge. Located across from Mallory Square.
Here we’ll take a look at some of Miami’s Top attractions, from the official Lonely Planet site.
Art Deco Welcome Center - 1001 Ocean Dr, South Beach
Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Recreation Park - 1200 S Crandon Blvd, Key Biscayne
Holocaust Memorial - on the corner of Dade Blvd, Meridian Ave, South Beach
Miami Metrozoo - 12400 SW 152nd St, Goulds
Miami Museum of Science & Planetarium - 3280 S Miami Ave, Coconut Grove
Miami Seaquarium - 4400 Rickenbacker Causeway, Key Biscayne
Moca At Goldman Warehouse - 404 NW 26th St, Wynwood
Rubell Family Art Collection - 95 NW 29th St, Wynwood
Biltmore Hotel - 1200 Anastasia Ave, Coral Gables
Freedom Tower - 600 Biscayne Blvd, DowntownThe 'Ellis Island of the South' served as an immigration processing center for almost half a million Cuban refugees in the 1960s. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979, it was also home to the Miami Daily News for 32 years. The top facade is one of two surviving area towers modeled after the Giralda bell tower in Spain's Cathedral of Seville - the second is at the Biltmore Hotel in Coral Gables.
Il viaggio: un esercizio di inglese!